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A Mini-review of the Tropical Plant Cratoxylum fomosum ssp. pruniflorum: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Aspects

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Ninh The Son*   Pages 327 - 339 ( 13 )

Abstract:


The tropical plant C. formosum ssp. pruniflorum belongs to family Clusiaceae, which is native to Southeast Asia countries. Phytochemical investigations on this plant showed interesting secondary metabolites, comprising the main classes of xanthones, anthraquinones, flavonoids, phenolics, and triterpenoids. Biological assessments established the wide spectrum of properties, either the extracts or isolated compounds have been becoming valuable resources, constituents from C. formosum ssp. pruniflorum were used for anti-bacteria, anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, or neuroprotective and vascular protective activities. The long history of traditional application has confirmed the prospect in use, this herbal plant was consumed as a combination tea or to treat skin wound healing, fever, cough, ulcer, diarrhea, internal bleeding, stomachic and diuretic effects, and food poisoning.

Keywords:

Cratoxylum formosum ssp. pruniflorum, phytochemistry, bioactivity, tropical plant, clusiaceae, xanthones.

Affiliation:

Institute of Natural Products Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay, Hanoi

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