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Synthesis of Novel Heterocyclic Sulfonamides as Protease Inhibitors of HIV-1

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Yili Ding*, Kenneth L. Smith, Chamakura V.N.S. Vara Prasad and Bingyun Wang   Pages 87 - 91 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: HIV-1 protease is a prime target for drug therapy due to its integral role in HIV viral replication. Several protease inhibitors such as lopinavir and tipranavir were shown to possess potent inhibitory activities against the HIV virus. Due to the high mutation rate of HIV, resistance remains a major problem in the treatment of this virus and design and synthesis of new protease inhibitors is an area of continued interest in new drug discovery research.

Methods: Utilizing the key fragments of structures of both peptide-based and non-peptide-based protease inhibitors lopinavir and tipranavir, we explored designing some new compounds.

Results: Six new protease inhibitors were designed and synthesized based on the key structural fragments in lopinavir and tipranavir. The designed new compounds contain heterocyclic groups such as thiophene, isoxazole, and imidazole groups, and the best compound exhibited 0.6 nm of the protease inhibitory activity.

Conclusion: We have prepared some novel heterocyclic sulfonamides utilizing a key fragment based approach by recombining structural fragments of the potent protease inhibitors lopinavir and tipranavir. Some of these newly designed compounds showed good to excellent HIV-1 protease inhibitory activity, which indicated that this method would be useful for the discovery of new drug lead compounds that target HIV.

Keywords:

Protease inhibitor, HIV, lopinavir, tipranavir, synthesis, drug therapy.

Affiliation:

Life Science Department, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong 528000, Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Drug Discovery, 3300 Hyland Avenue Costa Mesa, CA 92626, Das Pharma, Turangi P.O., Kakinada, A.P., PIN Code 533016, Life Science Department, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong 528000

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